21 – Quranic Gem
و انك لعلي خلق عظيم
When we study the Seerah of Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم we see that in the year 6hijri at the time of Hudaibiyyah the amount of Sahaba present were approximately 1500. And in the year 10hijri on the occasion of Hajjatul Wida they were 124,000 Sahaba. Just in the span of 4 years the number increased.
What was the reason?
When the Muslims gained victory on the occasion of Fathe Makkah, Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم showed his amazing character. When Sa’d Bin Ubadah RA was entering Makkah as a leader and a flag in his hands, his gaze fell on Abu Sufyan (who wasn’t a Muslim at the time, but later on accepted Islam) he said, “اليوم يوم الملحمة” Today is a day of war, revenge. When rasulullah heard this he said, “اليوم يوم المرحمة” Today is a day of Mercy, and he took the flag from Sa’d RA and said don’t pass such remarks. Those who use to curse him, swore at him, gave him trouble his whole life, when they came as captives and were presented to Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم, he said, “Today I’ll say the same thing my brother Yusuf AS said to his brothers (when they came to Yusuf AS whilst he was a king) ‘لا تثريب عليكم اليوم’ Their will be no revenge today”. Then he said,
“What do you think I will do to you?’ They answered: ‘You will only do something favorable; you are a kind and generous brother, and a kind and generous nephew!’ The Prophet (pbuh) said:
”أنتم الطلقاء” You are free to go. When they saw that the person whom they used to criticise and trouble for so many years, today when he has the upper hand, he is still forgiving, then his religion and his God has to be on Haqq, due to which they began to enter into Islam in huge numbers. This is what what Allah is saying in Sura Nasr, و رأيت الناس يدخلون في دين الله افواجا “And you will see people entering the Deen of Allah in armies”.
This was the lofty character of the Messenger of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم
Akhlaq (character) can be categorised into 3 types:
1. Khulq-e-Hasan خلق حسن: if someone does wrong to you, you do the same in return. فجزاء سيئة سيئة بمثلها
2. Khulq-e-Kareem خلق كريم: if someone does wrong to you, you forgive them. فمن عفا و اصلح فأجره علي الله
3. Khulq-e-Azeem خلق عظيم: if someone does wrong to you, you forgive them and on top of that you do them a favour. This was the character of Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم, Allah says in Sura Qalam و انك لعلي خلق عظيم
Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم once took a debt from a Jew who gave him a certain time to return the money. Three days before the date, the Jew started criticising and swearing at Rasulullah. Someone complained to Rasul صلي الله عليه و سلم that why is he swearing etc whereas the time hasn’t even elapsed. Rasul صلي الله عليه و سلم said leave him because ان لصاحب الحق مقالا the person who has rights can say whatever he wants. When the time came Rasul صلي الله عليه و سلم told the sahaba to go and return the debt and give him much more. Upon seeing this character of the prophet (that even though I swore at him) the Jew accepted Islam.
When the leader of the munafiqeen Ubay bin salool passed away, his son (who was a Sahabi) Abdullah bin Ubay RA came to Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم and requested the prophet to perform the janaza. Even though Ubay bin salool made it his life mission to disgrace Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم, he صلي الله عليه و سلم said take me. Umar RA held onto the blessed cloak and the prophet and said, O prophet of Allah where are you going? Allah has said in the Quran ‘If you do Istigfar for him or not, Allah is not going to forgive him’ so why are you going? Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم said, let me go maybe it can bring some benefit. The prophet of Allah performed the janaza and put his blessed cloak on the body of Ubay. Upon seeing this character of Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم many came into the fold of Islam.
Their was a lady (non-Muslim) in the time of Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم who used to put rubbish on the path where Rasul صلي الله عليه و سلم would pass. Few days passed, and Rasul صلي الله عليه و سلم realised that theirs no rubbish so he enquired where is the lady? He was told she fell ill. He went to visit her. Upon seeing the prophet of Allah she was amazed and accepted Islam.
Their was another lady who warned people of a man named Muhammed, that don’t listen to him because he does magic, if you listen to him you’ll fall into his trap, but she never saw Rasul صلي الله عليه و سلم. One day whilst she was walking home with her shopping bags, a man came up to her and said “let me help you”. Whilst the man was walking with her helping her with her bags, she started to warn him of a man named Muhammed who resides in Madina, he’s a magician, don’t fall under his trap. Upon reaching her house, the man took the bags inside and was about to go. She said, “O my son! Just tell me your name before you go. The man said, “I’m that same MUHAMMED whom you were speaking about.” The lady fell to tears and was shameful for her remarks. She immediately said teach me that religion you’ve came with and she recited,
اشهد ان لا اله الله و اشهد ان محمد عبده و رسوله
Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم said,
اكمل المؤمنين ايمانا أحسنهم خلقا رواه ابو دَاوُدَ
The perfect believer is the one who has the best character.
ان المؤمن ليدرك بحسن الخلق درجة الصائم و القائم رواه ابو دَاوُدَ
Indeed the believer, through his good character, reaches the status of the one who’s fasting and the one who’s performing prayers at night.
ما مِنْ شَيْءٍ أثْقَلُ في مِيزَانِ العبدِ المُؤْمِنِ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ مِنْ حُسْنِ الخُلُقِ
Nothing is more heavier in the scale of a believer on the day of judgement than good character.
قال معاذ بن جبل : آخر ما أوصاني به رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حين وضعت رجلي في الغرز أن قال: أحسن خلقك للناس يا معاذ رواه مالك
Muaz RA says, the last piece of advice Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم gave me when I put my foot in the saddle (on his way to Yemen) was, “O Muaz! Show nice character to people”.
Abu Umamah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “I guarantee a house on the outskirts of Paradise for one who leaves arguments even if he is right, and a house in the middle of Paradise for one who abandons lies even when joking, and a house in the highest part of Paradise for one who makes his character excellent.”
When the Muslims first went to Spain, and they did business transactions with the locals and the people saw that these people (Sahaba) are so clean in their dealings and they are so gentle and nice, they were curious of the religion and slowly slowly the majority of the population accepted Islam and Muslims ruled for over 800 years.
May Allah make us amongst those who have lofty character and make us a means of spreading Islam through our good character.
Mufti Usama Mahmad