‘Complete Reliance on Allah’ التوكل
و من يتوكل علي الله فهو حسبه
“Whosoever relies on Allah then he’s enough for him.”
Tawakkul means to have firm conviction on Allah that whatever happens is from Allah.
When I get sick Allah is the one who cures me, not the medicine.
Ebrahim AS said, و اذا مرضت فهو يشفين
When I go work Allah provides, not my effort. ان الله هو الرزاق
After my studying Allah is the one who gives me good results.
Honour, disgrace, health, illness, poverty, prosperity all is from Allah.
فإذا عزمت فتوكل علي الله
“Once you have taken a decision, place your trust in Allah.”
When Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم was with Abubaker RA in the cave, Abubaker RA said that the enemies will see us. Rasul SAW said that what do you think of those two whom the third is Allah.
Rasul SAW had firm reliance on Allah, obviously he was سيد المتوكلين
Tawakkul doesn’t mean to leave the means, but rather to use the means is part of tawakkul. That’s why a sahabi came and asked o prophet of Allah, should I tie my camel and then adopt tawakkul or should I just leave it and then adopt tawakkul? Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم replied by saying, اعقلها و توكل tie the camel and then adopt tawakkul. (Tirmizi)
Another sahabi came and asked for something, Rasul SAW asked him if he has anything in his possession. He said that he has s bowl. Rasul SAW auctioned it and with the money bought an axe and told him, take this and work and provide for your family.
In another Hadith it comes,
لو أنكم تتوكلون علي الله حق توكله لزقكم كما يرزق الطير تغدو خماصا و تروح بطانا رواه الترمذي
“If you all depend on Allah with due reliance, He would certainly give you provision as He gives it to birds who go forth hungry in the morning and return with full belly at dusk”.
Hazrat Thanwi RA says whilst commenting on the above Hadith, that Allah provides for the birds but this is after they make a small effort and that is to fly and look around for food. So we have to use means!
When the prophet SAW went on meraj Allah sent the buraq. If he wanted he could have called him without any means. But Allah is showing us that the world is a place of means, so you have to use it.
Allah says in the Quran regarding Hazrat Maryam AS, when he commanded her to shake the branch and fresh dates will fall,
و هزي إليك بجزع النخلة
You have flex your hand then Allah will provide; use the means that Allah gave then have tawakkul.
The Almighty gives you the nut, but he doesn’t crack it for you.
When Musa AS was given prophethood, and Allah commanded him to go to pharaoh and propagate Tauheed, Musa AS started to think about his wife. How is she going to stay in the jungle by herself without any provisions. Immediately Allah instructed Musa AS to strike his stick on a huge rock which was in front of him. Upon doing so another rock came out. Allah instructed him to strike that rock. Upon doing so a third rock came out. Allah instructed him to strike that rock. Upon doing so, to Musa AS’s amazement a creature came out with a fresh green leaf in its mouth. When Musa AS saw this, he realised Allah was teaching him a lesson that ‘I am the sustainer’ all you need to do is obey me and I’ll be enough for you.
(Mariful Quran of Mufti Shafe RA under the Tafseer of و ما من دابة )
During hajj they were few people in the time of the prophet who used to come for hajj and they never brought provisions and they use to say, نحن المتوكلون we rely on Allah. This was their slogan but upon reaching there, they would start begging. Allah revealed the following verses,
و تزودوا فان خير الزاد التقوي
“Take provisions, for the best of provisions is to stay away from begging.”
Ulama say there are 3 stages of using means:
1. Necessary: the means are such that a person knows that without it I can’t survive, e.g eating food to remove hunger. Until a person doesn’t eat he’ll remain hungry. (But still a person should think Allah is the one who removes hunger)
2. Sunnah: the means are such that a person knows that if I use it I might gain benefit or not, e.g using medicine. Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم said said in one Hadith, “Use medicine”. A person who takes medicine can’t say for sure that through this medicine I’ll gain health. (But still a person should think Allah is the one who cures)
3. Best not to: the means are such that their are just وهمي (just your brain tells you that through this I’ll gain something, otherwise theirs no real benefit) e.g Taweez etc.
Note: We should try to recite the masnoon duas which Rasulullah صلي الله عليه و سلم has taught us in Ahadith instead of going to Aamils.
Some beautiful poetry of imam Shafie RA:
توكلت في رزقي على الله خـالقي … وأيقنـت أن الله لا شك رازقي
وما يك من رزقي فليـس يفوتني … ولو كان في قاع البحار العوامق
سيأتي بـه الله العظـيم بفضلـه … ولو، لم يكن مني اللسـانُ بناطق
ففي اي شيء تذهب النفس حسرة … وقد قسم الرحـمن رزق الخلائق
When it comes to my provisions, I rely upon Allah, my Creator And I know with certainty that He will no doubt provide for me. Whatever’s in my due, will not pass me by, Even if it were to be in the depths of the sea. Allah the Exalted will bring it forth by His Grace, Even if I were to remain silent over it. So, what can a soul feel sorrow over, When the Most Merciful has set the provisions of the creation?
Hazrat Ali RA said, the strength in Islam lies in 4 things:
Struggle for Allah
Reliance on Allah