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Q711: Dua to sharpen memory for Hifz.

Question

I am currently doing my hifz part time and have quite a problem with my revision over the chapters that I already know. Are there any methods or duas that one can recite to help them to make there memory stronger?

Answer

There is one method mentioned at the end of the 13 line Quran on the authority of Abdullah ibn Abbas RadhiAllahu anhu regarding Sayyiduna Ali RadhiAllahu anhu, try that out during the four Friday nights in Ramadhan (the night between Thursday and Friday).

The narration is as follows:

Ikrimah, the freed slave of Ibn Abbas (RA), narrated that Ibn Abbas (RA) said: “We were with the Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wasalam when Ali bin Abi Talib (RA) came to him, and he said: ‘May my father and mother be ransomed for you! This Quran has suddenly left my heart, and I do not find myself capable of it.’

So the Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wasalam said to him, ‘O Abul-Hasan! Should I not teach you words that Allah shall benefit you with, and benefit whoever you teach, and they will make whatever you have learned in your chest firm?’ He said: ‘Of course, O Messenger of Allah, so teach me.’

He said: ‘When it is the night of (before) Friday, then if you are able to stand up in the last third of the night, then verily, it is a witnessed hour, and supplication is answered in it. And my brother Ya’qub alayhi salam did say to his sons: “I shall seek forgiveness for you from my Lord”. (Quran 12:98) He meant Until the night of Friday comes. If you are not able, then stand in the middle of it, and if you are not able, then stand in the first of it.

And pray four Rak’ah. Recite Fatihatul-Kitab (the Opening of the Book) and Surat Ya-Sin in the first Rak’ah, and Fatihatul-Kitab and Ha- Mim ad-Dukhan in the second Rak’ah, and Fatihatul-Kitab and Alif Lam Mim Tanzil as-Sajdah in the third Rak’ah and Fatihatul-Kitab and Tabarak Al-Ladhi in the fourth Rak’ah.

When you have finished with the Tashahhud, then praise Allah and mention Allah’s greatness in an excellent manner, and send Salat (durood) upon me – and be excellent in it- and upon the rest of the Prophets. And seek forgiveness for the believing men and the believing women, and for your brothers who have preceded you in faith. Then say in the end of that:

Transliteration – translation Allahummarhamni Bitarkil-Ma’asi Abadan Ma Abqaitani, Warhamni An Atakallafa Ma La Ya’nini, Warzuqni Husnan-Nazari Fi Ma Yurdika Anni. Allahumma Badi’as- Samawati Wal-Ardi Dhal-Jalali Wal-Ikrami Wal-Izzatil-lati La Turamu As’aluka YaAllahu Ya Rahmanu Bi-Jalalika Wa Nuri Wajhika An Tulzima Qalbi Hifza Kitabika Kama ‘Allamtani Warzuqni An Atluwahu ‘Alan-Nahwil-ladhi Yurdika ‘Anni.
Allahumma Badi‘as-Samawati Wal-Ardi Dhal-Jalali Wal-Ikrami Wal-Izzati-llati La Turamu As’aluka YaAllahu, Ya Rahmanu Bi-Jalalika Wa Nuri Wajhika An Tunawwira Bi-kitabika Basari, Wa An Tutliqa Bihi Lisani Wa An Tufarrija Bihi ‘An Qalbi Wa An Tashraha Bihi Sadri, Wa An Tasta’mila Bihi Badanii, Fa’innahu La Yu’inuni ‘Alal-Haqqi Ghairuka Wa La Yu’tihi Illa Anta Wa La Hawla Wa la Quwatta Illa Billahil-‘Alil–‘Azim.

Translation: O Allah, have mercy on me by helping me to leave sins forever, as long as you keep me alive. And have mercy on me from taking upon myself what does not concern me, and provide me good sight for what will make You pleased with me. Ya Allah! Originator of the heavens and the earth, Possessor of such glory, generosity, and honour that cannot not be dreamt of. I ask you, Ya Allah, Ya Rahman, by Your glory and the light of Your Countenance, to make my heart constant in remembering Your Book as You taught me, and grant me that I recite it in the manner that will make You pleased with me.

Ya Allah, Originator of the heavens and the earth, Possessor of glory, and generosity, and honour that is not exceeded. I ask you, Ya Allah, Ya Rahman, by Your glory and the light of Your Countenance, to enlighten my sight with Your Book, and make my tongue free with it, and to relieve with it my heart from all problems, and to expand my chest with it, and to wash my body with it. For indeed, none aids me upon the truth other than You, and none give it except You, and there is no might or power except by Allah, the Most High, the Magnificent.

“Oh Abul-Hasan! Do this for 3 nights or 5 or 7, you will be answered – by the will of Allah- by the One Who sent me with the Truth, it has not failed a believer once.”

Abdullah ibn Abbas said: “So by Allah, Ali did not wait but five or seven until Ali came to the Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wasalam in a gathering similar to that and said: ‘Oh Messenger of Allah, indeed I was a man in the time that passed, who used to not take except for Ayat or about that much, so when I would recite them to myself they would suddenly depart from me, and today I learn forty Ayat or about that much, and when I recite them to myself, then it is as if the Book of Allah is before my eyes. I used to hear a hadith and when I would repeat it, it would suddenly depart from me, and today I hear many Ahaadith, and when I report them, I do not err in a single letter.’ So the Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wasalam said at that point: ‘A believer, by the Lord of the Ka’ba, O Abul-Hasan.” (Tirmidhi shareef)

Practise upon this amal. I myself do this Amal in RAMADHAN and have found it extremely beneficial. That is why I would advise you to do the same. Insha’Allah your memory will become stronger.

6 Responses

  1. Abdullah

    Salaam,can this also be done for a high school,medical school student and etc. i my not a Hafiz, is there any other short way of doing this. INSHALLAH i will try to memorize these Surah, please make Dua. JAZAKALLAH

    AR says:
    Walaikumussalam

    It’s originally for memorising the Quran, however, you could try it for other purposes too.

    Easier option would be to place your hand on forehead after every namaz and read with attention “Ya Qawiyyu Ya Qawiyyu” 11 time’s. Inshallah Allah will give you quwwat in your memory.

  2. Ubaidullah

    Assalaamu `alaykum mufti sahib,

    Should this be performed only on thursday night? Or can it be made 5-7 nights in a row?

    Also, the reading of those surahs in each rak`ah, must the entire surah be read or can a person read a portion of each surah?

    Jazaakallaahu khayr.

    Walaikumussalam

    Only on Thursday nights.

    The entire Surah has to be recited.

  3. Abdullah

    Assalamualaikum sheikh.

    I would like to know if you could provide me the Hadith no. So that I could memorise the dua in Arabic. And one more thing what if somebody don’t know the long Surah’s that they have to recite. What should they do?
    Should they wait until they memorise the Surah’s and then practice this. Jazak Allahu Khair.

    ————— ——————– —————

    Walaikumussalam w w

    The hadith nd the dua are in fazaile A’maal of sheikh Zakaria rahmatullahi alayhi.

    You have to memorise the four surahs first. Wassalam

  4. Aslam o alaykum.

    Could you please let me know if i can do this for my son. He is 8 and has learned just a few surats of the quran.
    Also do i have to learn these surats myself first or is there a different duas i can pray. At the moment i pray alam nashrah in para 30 and blow into the water for my son to drink.
    Jazakalla

    —————– —————

    Answer:

    Walaikumussalam w w

    Wazeefas are to be recited in their original manner. They cannot be modified.

    You can’t read it for your son. Make him learn the four surats first then let him recite himself

    Surah Alam Nashrah is ok for the time being wassalam

  5. Mohammed Akhtar

    As salaam alaikum wa rahmatullah,

    A fellow worshipper at our local Masjid objected to the logic in this Hadeeth by asking the following question:

    If Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was unable to retain a few Ayaat to memory, how was he able to memorise Surah Sajdah, Yaaseen, ad-Dukhaan, and al-Mulk? And not just memorise them, but know them so well that he could recite them in Salaah without a Mushaf and memorise word for word a rather lenghthy dua for Hifz.
    Please explain and advise, may Allah have mercy on you, Ameen.

    —————————– ————————-

    Walaikumussalam w w

    Many people know Yasin by heart. In fact most Muslims memorise it. Same with many surahs of juz amma.

    So this objection seems to be made by someone whose never memorised a Surah.

  6. Saifullah

    Assalam, I need to know that if the dua has to be read after I say the Salam that is after finishing my four rak’aat namaz or within the namaz after doroode ibrahimi.

    ————————

    Walaykum ussalam

    You have to read it after you’ve finished your namaz.

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