The Official Site of Shaykh Abdul Raheem (hafizahullah)

Q799: Can a murdered sinner be classed a martyr?

Question

If a Muslim who committed major sins frequently was murdered, is he considered a martyr? And also if a person who considers himself a Muslim, drinks alcohol and don’t pray Salah, is he truly a Muslim.

Answer

There are different levels of martyrdom. The real martyr who is considered a martyr in this life as well as in the hereafter, is the one who gives his life up for the sake of Allah Ta’ala. All the virtues mentioned in the Ahaadith for a martyr refer to this type of martyr.

This type also has 4 categories according to the sincerity of their intentions and according to the amount of sacrifice they had offered. Also they won’t have everything forgiven automatically, rather they will be held to account for the huqooqul ibaad they had owed to the general public. Among the first people to be thrown into Jahannam, is a martyr who only fought for name and fame; to show his bravery.

Besides this shaheed, there are many other type of people whom Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala will bless with some of the rewards of a Shaheed in the Aakhira. From amongst them is the who dies by drowning, or by a roof collapsing on him, or someone who dies in a plague, or one who dies defending himself, his wealth, his family.

These people are not equal in rank to the one who gives his life for Allah Ta’ala. However, due to Allah’s blessings on the Ummah of our beloved Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, Allah will also bless these people with a certain rank of Shahaadah in the Akhirat.

It is possible however, that if one has committed many major sins, then he may have to be purified by being punished for a certain amount of time, and then will enter Jannah as a Shaheed after being purified. It is also possible that Allah Ta’ala forgives them completely without punishing them through his grace and mercy.

قالَ بن التِّينِ هَذِهِ كُلُّهَا مِيتَاتٌ فِيهَا شِدَّةٌ تَفَضَّلَ اللَّهُ عَلَى أُمَّةِ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِأَنْ جَعَلَهَا تَمْحِيصًا لِذُنُوبِهِمْ وَزِيَادَةً فِي أُجُورِهِمْ يُبَلِّغُهُمْ بِهَا مَرَاتِبَ الشُّهَدَاءِ قُلْتُ وَالَّذِي يَظْهَرُ أَنَّ الْمَذْكُورِينَ لَيْسُوا فِي الْمَرْتَبَةِ سَوَاءً وَيدل عَلَيْهِ مَا روى أَحْمد وبن حِبَّانَ فِي صَحِيحِهِ مِنْ حَدِيثِ جَابِرٍ والدَّارِمِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَالطَّحَاوِيُّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حبشِي وبن مَاجَهْ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَنْبَسَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ سُئِلَ أَيُّ الْجِهَادِ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ مَنْ عُقِرَ جَوَادُهُ وَأُهْرِيقَ دَمُهُ وَرَوَى الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْحُلْوَانِيُّ فِي كِتَابِ الْمَعْرِفَةِ لَهُ بِإِسْنَادٍ حَسَنٍ مِنْ حَدِيثِ بن أَبِي طَالِبٍ قَالَ كُلُّ مَوْتَةٍ يَمُوتُ بِهَا الْمُسْلِمُ فَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ غَيْرَ أَنَّ الشَّهَادَةَ تَتَفَاضَلُ. (فتح الباري 6/44)

As for a person who drinks alcohol and doesn’t pray Salah, yes he is a Muslim, but he is not a complete Muslim. He is at a very low level of Imaan. We shouldn’t say he died as a martyr. We shouldn’t say he’s a Jannati, just as we can’t condemn him to Jahannam.

A person does not become a disbeliever by committing sin. A person becomes a disbeliever by denying or doubting Allah Ta’ala or his Messenger, by denying the obligation any of the Faraaidh (Obligations), by denying anything proven clearly from the Quran or Mutawaatir Ahaadith, or by making a joke or mocking any of the rulings of Shariah.

These are some general rules pertaining to Kufr. The Masaail pertaining to this topic are very detailed and one should not go around issuing Fatwaas of Kufr, but if such a case occurs, a Mufti should be contacted.

And Allah is All Knowing

(Ismail k 1/13)

2 Responses

  1. selena

    Salaam. I wanted some advice. I have committed a major sin. Zina and abortion. I know I have done a terrible thing and everyday I regret commiting these acts. I knew how wrong it was to abort but I went ahead with it because I was afraid my parents. I haven’t seen my ex partner and we have separated after this. I have been bleeding for months and just recently started to pray. I wanted to know what can I do to strengthen my imaan. I sincerely regret the sins I have committed and fear Allah and what is ahead of me.I haven’t spoken to anyone about this terrible sin. Abortion is not something I ever wanted to do and I know it will bother me.

    —————— ——————- ———————–

    Walaikumussalam

    What has happened has happened. We can’t reverse the time. Now look towards the future. You are fortunate to have realised the mistake. There are many out there who don’t even feel that they’ve done something wrong.

    Repent sincerely! Make a firm resolution never to repeat that sin again.

    Allah is Ghafoor and Raheem. He wants to forgive and he loves forgiving. So keep your hopes high in Allah.

    Rabia basriyah was asked by a sinner “I want to repent. Will Allah accept my repentance?” She replied: “O my Dear friend! Allah is inviting those running away from Him to turn towards Him, so if you yourself are turning to Him, why will he not accept you? Of course He will accept your repentance”

    Keep up with your Salah. Be punctual!
    Read the following tasbeehat after fajr
    100x La ilaha illallah
    100x Third kalima Subhanallahi walhamdu lillahi wa la ilaha illallahu Wallahu Akbar
    100x Astaghfirullah
    100x Durood sharif

    May Allah accept and be pleased

  2. selena

    it is very hard because it is now time of marriage for me and I feel this abortion has mentally affected me and also the guilt of doing it is always there. When it is time to get married how can I keep such a major thing away from who I marry? I feel I have wasted my life on this partner and he has left me for doing the abortion but wouldn’t ever come with a proposal because he has his own problems to deal with too. I feel extremely low. Even before this experience, he went jail for some actions which I never knew of. I sincerely promised myself to not return because I realised Allah maybe showing we are not right for each other and then I have this abortion sin. I feel as though I have not been trusting Allah. I don’t know what I should do after this bad situation I have put myself in. I keep having a vision ofthe baby . I am having marriage talks and don’t know what to do because I feel as though im in a bad state and fear having babies or going through anothe bad relationship.

    ———————————–

    Sister!!

    You seem to be in a terrible state! You didn’t even write salam!!! Why are you destroying your self esteem??

    The dream of baby is a shaytaani dream! He wants to harm you and that’s why he is showing it to you! He is laughing at you when he sees you in this terrible state. What you need to do now is get him off your back.

    I told you before ‘Forget the past and look to the Future’ Don’t even think about what you did. Inshallah, it’s been forgiven, so think as though you haven’t done anything wrong at all.

    Give yourself a fresh start! You don’t need to tell anyone about your past! Nobody is 100% perfect these days. Everybody’s done something wrong at some stage. So your fiancé should take you as you are. You don’t need to tell him ever about your past. Get that guilt out and throw it in the bin and don’t bring it back out.

    May Allah help you and take care of you.

    This will be my final response. If you don’t get better, I am not going to write anything in future.

    Wassalam

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