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Q836: Salah in college without Azan and iqamah

Assalamu alaykum Shaykh

Is salah(with jamaat) valid without azaan if praying at work/college/university/prayer room?

Is salah(with jamaat) valid at beginning time without azaan?

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Answer:

To give Azaan when performing salah with Jama’at is Sunnat Muakkadah (Highly Stressed Sunnah).

It is Makrooh to perform Salah in the Masjid without Azaan or Iqaamah.

However, if for some reason the Azaan was not performed, the Salaah will still be valid as Azaan is not a prerequisite for Salaah.

In a university or college prayer room, where there is no fixed Imam or Muazzinand more then one Jama’at takes place for each Salah, it is preferable that each Jamah (group) does their own Azaan and Iqaamah. However if the later Jamaats were to suffice on Iqamah, this would also be permissible.

وَيُكْرَهُ أَدَاءُ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ بِالْجَمَاعَةِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ بِغَيْرِ أَذَانٍ وَإِقَامَةٍ. كَذَا فِي فَتَاوَى قَاضِي خَانْ وَلَا يُكْرَهُ تَرْكُهُمَا لِمَنْ يُصَلِّي فِي الْمِصْرِ إذَا وُجِدَ فِي الْمَحَلَّةِ وَلَا فَرْقَ بَيْنَ الْوَاحِدِ وَالْجَمَاعَةِ. هَكَذَا فِي التَّبْيِينِ وَالْأَفْضَلُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بِالْأَذَانِ وَالْإِقَامَةِ كَذَا فِي التُّمُرْتَاشِيِّ وَإِذَا لَمْ يُؤَذِّنْ فِي تِلْكَ الْمَحَلَّةِ يُكْرَهُ لَهُ تَرْكُهُمَا وَلَوْ تَرَكَ الْأَذَانَ وَحْدَهُ لَا يُكْرَهُ كَذَا فِي الْمُحِيطِ وَلَوْ تَرَكَ الْإِقَامَةَ يُكْرَهُ. كَذَا فِي التُّمُرْتَاشِيِّ…مَسْجِدٌ لَيْسَ لَهُ مُؤَذِّنٌ وَإِمَامٌ مَعْلُومٌ يُصَلِّي فِيهِ النَّاسُ فَوْجًا فَوْجًا بِجَمَاعَةٍ فَالْأَفْضَلُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ كُلُّ فَرِيقٍ بِأَذَانٍ وَإِقَامَةٍ عَلَى حِدَةٍ. كَذَا فِي فَتَاوَى قَاضِي خَانْ فِي فَصْلِ الْمَسْجِدِ.(هندية 1/54)

And Allah is All-Knowing

(Ismail k 3/13)

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