Re: Muharram, Aashura, Karbala, Sahaba, & Ahle Bayt
Muharram: A month of Significance.
By Shaykh Abdul Raheem hafizahullah
“Muharram” means “sacred” and it is one of the months declared as such in the Qur’an. Allah swt says منها اربعة حرم “From them, four are sacred” (Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram & Rajab.)
Muharram marks the start of the Hijri calendar year. Hijrah means migration. After suffering several years of persecution under the polytheists, Rasulullah ﷺ migrated from Makkah Mukarramah to Madinah Munawwarah. Since Islam was on the ascendancy after this migration, the Companions started the Islamic calendar from Hijrah, not from birth or death of ﷺ.
Fasting during Muharram:
It is recommended to fast during Muharram. Hadith says: “The best of fasts, besides the month of Ramadhan, is the fast of Allah’s month, Muharram.” [Muslim]
“The one that keeps a fast in the month of Muharram will receive the reward of thirty fasts for each fast.” [Tabraani]
Aashuraa, The 10th of Muharram (Saturday 29th August) is one of the important and blessed days in the Islamic Calendar:
It is the day in which Sayyiduna Musa alayhissalam and his followers crossed the Red Sea miraculously, and Pharaoh was drowned in its waters. The Jews of Madina Shareef would fast on this day as thanksgiving. Rasulullah ﷺ said to them: “We are more close to Musa than you.” (i.e. We resemble him more than you. Our beliefs are the same as his, we pray like him, we dress like him, whereas You have drifted away from his teachings. We resemble him more than you.) Then he instructed the Muslims to fast on this day. [Abu Dawood]
Before the fasts of Ramadhan were prescribed, the fast of the day of Aashuraa was commanded:
Ummul Mu’mineen Aaisha Radhiallahu Anha stated that:
“The Holy Prophet ﷺ ordered us to fast on Aashurah. However, when the fast of Ramadhan became compulsory, then whosoever wished, kept this fast and whosoever desired did not observe this fast.” [Bukhari]
Nevertheless, the Prophet ﷺ continued to fast this day and encouraged his Companions to do the same. “This fast is an expiation for the sins of the previous year, (ie. minor sins)” [Muslim]
“When the Prophet ﷺ observed the fast of the day of Aashuraa and ordered (his Companions) to fast, they said: “Ya Rasulullah! It is a day revered by the Jews and Christians.” He replied: “The coming year, if I remain alive, I will fast on the ninth (also).” [Muslim]
Hence we should try to fast for two days; the 9th & 10th or 10th and 11th of Muharram, although one is sufficient too.
Spending more than normal on family and dependants:
“One who generously spends on his family on the day of Aashuraa, Allah will increase (his provision) throughout the year.” [Bayhaqi]
Sufyan ibn uyaynah said جربناه فوجدناه كذلك “We experienced it to be true”.
Shahaadat of Sayyiduna Hussain Radiallahu Anhu
On this day, Sayyiduna Hussain Ibn Ali was martyred mercilessly by the rogue army of Yazeed. This tragic incident took place in the plain of Karbala on the 10th of Muharram in the year 61AH. Details of his Shahadah are widely available.
Remember Sayyiduna Hussain’s sacrifice in order to establish Haq. Give out some Sadaqah on his behalf. Read some Quran and send sawab to him and to the Shuhadaa of Karbala.
Educate the young ones in this regard. Teach them that if the grandson of the prophet could sacrifice his life to uphold the truth, then why can’t we make some sacrifices to pray 5 times a day. Why can’t we sacrifice our desires in order to follow the Sunnah? Why can’t we give up haram acts, haram food, and haram income? This is also sacrifice.
Nawha, Maatam is Haram
Teach them that what the Shias do on this day, in the form of beating themselves in order to lament upon Sayyiduna Hussain’s death, is haram. It’s a forbidden act and they are sinful, disobedient, misguided, & transgressors in the eyes of Allah.
It is haram to injure one’s body. This body is an Amaanat (a trust) of Allah. Allah gave it to us and told us to protect it. We have to look after it by eating properly and taking medication when needed. We can’t harm ourselves. It is sheer madness and stupidity to do so. It has nothing to do with religion.
Allah says “و لا تلقوا بايديكم الي التهلكة”
“Do not throw yourselves into destruction”
ولا تقتلوا انفسكمً انً الله كان بكم رحيما
“Do not kill yourselves, Allah has always been Merciful to you”
Wearing black clothes & avoiding other colours, not holding weddings in Muharram and remaining sad throughout the whole month are all innovations and have nothing to do with Islam.
Belief Regarding Sahaba
Teach them that whichever Shia claims that Sayyiduna Abu Bakr R.A, Sayyiduna Umar R.A, Sayyiduna Uthman R.A or the mother of believers Sayyidatuna Aisha R.A or any other companion were kafirs, then they themselves become KAFIRS. If a person gives out ruling of kufr upon someone who is not a kafir, then that ruling returns to him and he/she becomes a kafir.
Sahaba were the best among this Ummah. No one can come close to the Sahaba. In the Quran, Allah swt gave them the certificate of ‘Radhiallahu Anhum Wa Radhu Anhu’. (Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Allah)
So Respect the Sahaba and realise their status among the Ummah.
We have to love both; the Sahaba and the Ahle Bayt, (The companions & the whole family of Rasulullah ﷺ).
May Allah give us true love of all our pious predecessors. May Allah give us tawfeeq to behave properly throughout the month of Muharram and throughout our whole life. May Allah protect the ummah from the wrongdoings of SHIA. May Allah give them hidayat and spread guidance throughout the world.